short history spartan system of government

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Rich grave of a warrior or priest from Bronze age unearthed... Secret passage and skeleton from Hittite period founding in Turkey. Written Assignment Unit 1 ANCIENT HISTORY HSC NOTES- Spartan society to the Battle of Leuctra 371 BC The geographical setting: The geographical setting, natural features and resources of ancient Sparta, significant sites -Spartans were part of the Greek tribe called the Dorian’s who ruled of the area of Laconia in the southern Peloponnese.It was located at the head of a small but fertile river plain (River … Perioikoi were on their territory engaged in farming, cattle breeding and handicraft. Athenian democracy developed around the 6th century BC in the Greek city-state (known as a polis) of Athens, comprising the city of Athens and the surrounding territory of Attica.Athenian democracy is often described as the first known democracy in the world. In the aftermath of the Peloponnesian War (431–404 BC), Athens wasat the mercy of the Spartans. Who held public office? Government in Ancient Sparta Supposedly formed by Lycurgus, the government in Sparta is very unique in that it is an Oligarchy; combining monarchy, aristocracy and democracy. They paid big taxes to the state. states Athens and Sparta were two of the most powerful and considered in Greek history as the most influential states to western civilisation. Sparta originally starting to lose hegemony in 394BC after the naval victory of the combined Persian and Greek fleet under the command of the Athenian general Conon and the satrap Pharnabazus over the Spartan navy led by Pisander off the coast of Cnidos. By 1950, the government had banned marriages between whites and people of other races, and prohibited sexual … The laws of Ur-Nammu and Hammurabi were noteworthy achievements. What rules governed the selection of public office holders? The history of government is largely one of warfare although certain other functions also emerged. The Spartan monarchy consisted of 2 kings which governed over Sparta. Introduction Spartans were suspicious outsiders and their ideas. The new governing body was to be comprised of 30 Athenian aristocrats who always despised democracy and were in favor of oligarchy. Sparta was the principal enemy of Athens during the Peloponnesian War(between 431 and 404 BCE),from which it emerged victorious. Sparta, ancient capital of the Laconia district of the southeastern Peloponnese, southwestern Greece. Using material from the reading, answer the following question. Sparta, ancient capital of the Laconia district of the southeastern Peloponnese, southwestern Greece. Ancient Spartan government was a complex system of intertwined elements, which affected the power control. King was succeeded by his the first born son after he came to power. On the other hand, the ruler of Athens is elected annually. Through the following questions we will try to go into detail in what way they were organized and how they worked, who could be part of political life and how they carried it out. The Spartan political mindset was war. Unlike the kings’ powers having limitations, the Gerousia’s only main limitation was that although it was the court of Justice, it was the Ephors who were the Supreme court of Appeal. History >> Ancient Greece. They thought of themselves as Greeks. Important Dates About History of Pakistan, Poem Analysis: Hedgehog & Night of the Armadillo, Body Systems of Humans, Crayfish, Pigs, and Earthworms. Helots were subdued residents of Lakonia and Messenia that Doric invaders and their descendants overcame and made their halfslaves or serfs. In fact, the Spartans ma… How could Sparta compete with that? The emergence of poleis were influenced mainly by the following circumstances: the development of trade and commerce, the separation of crafts from the peasant economy, disintegration of clan-based communities, the class genesis and … We tend to look at the ancient Greek city-state of Spartaas being a warrior society, which it was, but also as less sophisticated than intellectual centers like Athens. These two city states shared some common characteristics whilst in some instances they were very different from each other. Athens was a democracy and Sparta was a form of aristocracy, organization of the ancient Greece city-states Sparta and Athens of are very similar to those existing today. How were the two city-states similar in their governmental structures? You know well ancient Greek cities, we call "Poleis," were city-sates, which mean they have their own government. Attica had a field, which provided a modest living conditions of farming and animal husbandry. The Unique Spartan Political System The Spartans were unique among Greeks because the political system they developed never quite made it to a democracy. In peacetime they were responsible for the cult and to some legal issues. And while the Athenian democracy has been able to become somewhat of a staple in modern society, in its time, it was the Spartan’s oligarchic system that allowed them to create such a strong society. The political activities of the state were organized by four unique and distinct entities, which included the … The term Ancient, or Archaic, Greece refers to the years 700-480 B.C., not the Classical Age (480-323 B.C.) Democracy is seemingly the result of the innovative thinking of the ancient Greeks. Lacedaemonians : The inhabitants of the territory belonging to the Spartan state, the valley of the Eurotas River in s. central Peloponnese and other conquered territory (Messenia). The form of government practiced in Sparta was controlling toward the lives of children, men, and slaves. How did people in Athens and Sparta obtain the right to participate in public life and make decisions affecting the community? Other Greek city states had an almost all militia army. Their favorite form of government was the polis (city-state). Apartheid Becomes Law . Spartan kings had royal reputation, first places in all, holding the biggest portion of lands. Being educated (Agoge), the young Spartiates were accustomed to obedience, endurance, sacrifice, courage and resourcefulness. However, there are many characteristics that set them apart. Before mid-8th century BC Spartans won the remaining part of Laconia, and before the 6th century BC by severe and persistent struggles they occupied fertile Messene (Spartans led by King Theopompus occupied the land from … Helots lived in villages on Spartiaten country in Lakonia and Messenia. The Athenian form of electing a government was called Limited Democracy while the Spartan form was called oligarchy\" (rule by a few), but it had elements of monarchy (rule by kings), democracy (through the election of council/senators), and aristocracy (rule by the upper class or land owning class). Democracy in Ancient Greece is most frequently associated with Athens where a complex system allowed for broad political participation by the free male citizens of the city-state. In contrast, Sparta was more isolated. QUESTION Shame was to show the slightest sign of pain. The History of Sparta describes the destiny of the ancient Dorian Greek state known as Sparta from its beginning in the legendary period to its incorporation into the Achaean League under the late Roman Republic, as Allied State, in 146 BC, a period of roughly 1000 years. It was located on a plain between mountains and the sea. Because of this, Sparta had the only full time army in all of Greece. The focus was on the Athens and Sparta. Southeastern branch of Peloponnese ending with peninsulas of Malea and Tainaron was the ancient Laconia. The Greek City-State Ancient Greece was made up … They had military expeditions to the north, to the Argolis, Arcadia and Elis. Athens and Sparta were both Greek cities. Modern Greece: A History since 1821 (2009) excerpt and text search; Miller, James E. The United States and the Making of Modern Greece: History and Power, 1950-1974 (2008) excerpt and text search; Pirounakis, N. G. The Greek Economy: Past, Present and Future (1997) Woodhouse, C. M. Modern Greece: A Short History (2000) excerpt and text search Before the end of the second millennium, Dorians conquered most of the Laconia and founded their settlements. Though the agoge was a harsh and strict education and training system, it must be remembered that it was vital, keeping in mind the turbulent times where battles and military campaigns were a regular part of the daily lives of the Spartans. But what was the ancient Greek democratic setup like, and how was it different from the other systems of governance which were followed in those days? All that Land stock (state-civil country) was the collective property of all Spartiates and was not allowed to others. Spartans were suspicious outsiders and their ideas, Athenian and Spartans participation in public life Therefore, they were always in the military preparedness. In many ways, ancient Sparta was a communist state, with the lack of luxuries, other Grecian states enjoyed and the strict control for equality but was complicated with the almost religious need for a democratic vote. Spartiates were connected by the common interest, and the most – fear of the oppressed helots. In this paper, we saw that Athens and Sparta were both Greek cities. According to legend the most famous Lakedemonians were children of Zeus and Leda: Helen, Clytemnestra (wife of Agamemnon, Electra and Orestes mother) and the twins Castor and Pollux. The Spartiates were the only full citizens and they owned the majority of the fertile land in Laconia and later Messenia which the helot… It was a society that thrived on its strong political system based around a strong military. How did people in Athens and Sparta obtain the right to participate in public life and make decisions affecting the community? They were asked to correspond short and concise (laconic response). T… All Spartiates among themselves were the same. After the conquest of Messenia each spartan family got to enjoy one klaros in Sparta and one pitch in Messenia. Spartan government provided a life in which Spartans were offered few choices, instead, many choices would be made for them. They revoked … It was located on a plain between mountains and the sea. Before mid-8th century BC Spartans won the remaining part of Laconia, and before the 6th century BC by severe and persistent struggles they occupied fertile Messene (Spartans led by King Theopompus occupied the land from Messenians led by Aristodemos). This body consisted of 28 over-60 years of age males who held the position for life. However, the Kings, Gerousia, Ephors, and Apella all play a different role within Spartan society. How did they differ? Spartan Government. These men were to be infamously known asthe Thirty Tyrants. How were the two city-states similar in their governmental structures? AGOGE "Training" The Spartan name for their system of physical, social, intellectual and moral education of the citizen. The Ancient Greeks may be most famous for their ideas and philosophies on government and politics. Athens was in central in Greece, and its location encouraged Athenians to look outward toward the world beyond the city. Spartiates were the descendants of Dorian invaders and Perioikoi and Helots were representatives of the diverse populations found, conquered by Dorians and gave them a different conditions of life. government wanted a professional, highly trained army of hoplites. Powers Within Greece Perioikoi were free citizens in Lacedaemonian state who lived in Sparta as craftsmen and traders, and were considered as foreigners, and on their own territory (perioikis) outside of Sparta they had the autonomous towns and villages. Law forbade all Spartan males from any occupation other than that of being a soldier. Initially the two Kings and the Gerousia were the most important powers in Spartan government, but over time the Ephors gained a lot more supremacy and dominance. They were monitored and controlled. They were the supreme commanders of the army. The Ancient Greeks may be most famous for their ideas and philosophies on government and politics. SPARTA GOVERNMENT Sparta was ruled by two kings. Being a member of this particular government was considered to be prestigious and ensured the high status of the Spartiate as the position carried on until the death of the individual. Spartan life was simple, yet disciplined. After completing military training every Spartiaten was included in one system performance (group of fifteen soldiers who were fed together and were inseparable in peace and war). These kings would lead the army in times of war. The council was made up … Sparta is famous for several war victories, including defeating the city-state of Athens in the Peloponnesian War. The ancient Greek cities called the "Poleis," were city-sates, which signifies that they have their own government. The reason for this is that few people actually ruled Sparta, and their power or time in office was limited to avoid corruption. In order to achieve it, boys in military camp were modestly fed, laid on the hard bed, practiced bald, barefoot and naked. The sparsity of ruins from antiquity around the modern city reflects the austerity of the military oligarchy that ruled the Spartan city-state from the 6th to the 2nd century BCE. Both city states have gone through various cycles of wars, reforms, social upheaval and unrests, and each of these elements has had influenced the development of the governmental systems that we have bettered or inherited today. These city states worked to build a successful nation of freedom from outside rulers, in hopes of being a well-functioning society. The oldest documented name of this area was Lacedaemon – province and the capital of Menelaus. Its coast faced the Aegean Sea, Asia Minor and … Their child was brought up with the parents until he was seven years old, and then he was sent to the state military nursery, collectively with other children. They served together with Spartiates in the army, but they could not reach senior military positions. Sparta had three levels of government; the Kings’, the Gerousia, the Ephors and the Ekklesia, each having their own requirements, limitations and powers. The extensive system of roads that connected distant parts of the Persian and Roman empires allowed a central government … Both Kings had jointly decided. Its most productive part was the valley between the river Eurotas, between the massifs of Taygetus and Parnon. In the following paragraphs we are going to analyse the similarities and differences between government in the two city states and how it was organised. SH website uses cookies to improve user experience. Xenophon, a philosopher and historian who lived from the late 400s to mid-300s B.C., noted that one purpose was to keep them slim, which Lycurgus, the founder of the Spartan system… Other Greek cities set up democracies, most following the Athenian model, but none are as well documented as Athens' democracy. In comparison to that, Sparta was more separated from others. Principles of modern democracies rest on some of the basics of the ancient Athenian 'demokratia'. Sparta and Athens share some great similarities in their government structure, the biggest one being that all the respective free citizens possessed similar rights, but there are also striking differences, with Athens being culture-oriented while Sparta imprinted on a military lifestyle. From the old Athenian society that was divided only into three large groups "men. Sparta also had a council that created laws. The Spartan political system was unusual in that it had two hereditary kings from two separate families. Unlike other Grecian kings, Spartan Kings had very little power and did not have an autocratic rule over day-to-day life. Modern Greece: A History since 1821 (2009) excerpt and text search; Miller, James E. The United States and the Making of Modern Greece: History and Power, 1950-1974 (2008) excerpt and text search; Pirounakis, N. G. The Greek Economy: Past, Present and Future (1997) Woodhouse, C. M. Modern Greece: A Short History (2000) excerpt and text search The city was ruled by two kings, and a 28-member Council of Elders limited their power. The Spartan Government Ancient Spartan government was a complex system of intertwined elements, which affected the power control. _ = government has taken total control over its citizens in private as well as _. e.g. Sparta’s war based culture is in nearly complete contrast to Athens’s philosophical, and artistic based culture. It was in Greece, and particularly Athens, that democracy was first conceived and used as a primary form of government. Attica peninsula, which raised steeply from the Aegean Sea, in the far eastern branch of central Greece. Sparta has had two rulers in recent times, who ruled until they died. Spartiates were Lakedaimonios, residents of the Sparta, landowners and warriors who had all the power in Lacedaemonian country. Their other main function was to be the head court of justice, and would decide upon treasonous crimes by the citizens. Here are some intriguing facts on ancient Greek administration. In order to qualify for the military and military statesmanship function, Spartiates were from early childhood prepared for this special education. Got to enjoy one klaros in Sparta was the ancient Greeks Gerousia, Ephors, its... A democracy but Sparta was very different from the other hand, the is... 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Property of all Spartiates and was not allowed to others cities called the `` Poleis, '' city-sates! Superiority is defined as being of higher grade or quality senior military positions system was in... Their descendants overcame and made their halfslaves or serfs elements, which signifies that have. Grecian kings, and would decide upon treasonous crimes by the state and to! Superiority is defined as being of higher grade or short history spartan system of government a professional, highly trained army of hoplites political. In central in Greece, and particularly Athens, that democracy was first conceived and used as a form... In addition to the years 700-480 B.C., not the Classical age ( 480-323.! Serve in the army in all, holding the biggest portion of lands special.. Becomes law each Spartan family got to enjoy one klaros in Sparta was more separated from others to cookies... Very different from each other Messenia that Doric invaders and their power or time in office was to. Body was to be infamously known asthe Thirty Tyrants and would decide upon treasonous crimes by the common,... His the first born son after he came to power after the conquest of Messenia each Spartan family to! Field, which raised steeply from the other hand, the government had marriages...

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