Sparta, a town near the river Evrotas, is located in the center of the Peloponnese in southern Greece. Although Athens and Sparta have things in common they were more different than they were alike. This eventually led to war between all the Greeks. Sparta was more equal, fair and just, as well as being strong and smart. What is the region in which the city is located? What was the status of women in ancient times? Athens. User Info: Skyfire023. Sparta. Taxed and protected other city-states. Now I understand the difference between these two city-states. In the Greek-Persian battles, Athens partnered with Sparta to defeat the Persians driving them out. In the modern times, apart from many other things signifying strong friendly ties between these two cities, there is a sports event titled “Spartathlon” which takes place every year commencing in Athens and ending in Sparta with athletes from the global community participating in the event. The word Sparta means simple and economical. Trade was a fundamental aspect of Ancient Greek society. Sparta had a clear military advantage on land, but the Athenian navy surpassed Sparta’s capabilities at sea; neither side was able to seize and maintain the upper hand. The junior allies undertook that the allies and enemies of Sparta would be their … #7. We've learned from on-the-ground experience about these terms specially the product comparisons. This idea eventually led to war between the Greeks. Discipline and battles were at the forefront of the philosophy professed by Sparta. On the other hand, Athens wanted to take control of more and more land in Greece. Strong Navy. No more needs to be said. Though these are not very far away from each other, there … Neither its fun to play whatever side I feel like it atm. Athens and Sparta differed in their ideas of getting along with the rest of the Greek empires. Athens is considered to have laid the structure and beginning of western civilization’s progress. The cities of Athens and Sparta were bitter rivals in ancient Greece. Thanks! Sparta vs. Athens. The two most authoritative states were the two that were always at war. (A city-state was a city, such as Athens, and the surrounding country under its influence and protection; Athens and its surrounding area, known as Attica, was about the size of Rhode Island). <(=^.^=)>, this website is amazing, just finished a paper with cites and qoutes. Taking the side of Athens is Pericles and taking the side of Sparta is King Leonidas. Friction between Athens and the Peloponnesian states, including Sparta, began early in the Pentecontaetia; in the wake of the departure of the Persians from Greece, Sparta attempted to prevent the reconstruction of the walls of Athens (without the walls, Athens would have been defenseless against a land attack and subject to Spartan control), but was rebuffed. Sparta … Both Athens and Sparta hold historic value for Greece and the world. Athens vs. Sparta. Athens and Sparta were undeniably the two greatest cities in Ancient Greece, yet the method by which they ruled and governed their people varied greatly. Sparta: Athens: Spartan life was simple. On the other hand, Athens was a democracy, which meant “rule by the people” – “demos” (people, or the masses) and “kratis” (rule). They weren't allowed to vote, weren't allowed to speak in public, and were forced to wear facial coverings in public. The player would then be given a motive to either side with Sparta or Athens, or with neither to get the maximum financial reward. Sparta, Athens, or Both? Ever since then, we've been tearing up the trails and immersing ourselves in this wonderful hobby of writing about the differences and comparisons. Sparta and Athens Sparta The distinctiveness of Sparta. Created philosophers which literally mean lovers of wisdom. In Sparta women were stronger and they formed liaisons with men as they chose. Athens. UberCryxic. Athens has given birth to prominent creative and imaginative people in diverse fields such as mathematics, sciences, history etc. Athens Vs.Sparta Tyler King Greece, a country united by its name, but divided by its opinions, was separated into many city-states. Metics. Men even serviced the army after the age of 60 years. ATHENS. Approximately 140,000; Approximately 40,000 men were citizens; and slaves (about 40,000). Athens had a form of democratic government. Sparta was by far the greatest military power of it's time. Monarchy 2. Five Ephors were elected annually, accompanied by two kings, who passed on the crowns to their chosen sons. Both sides experienced major victories and crushing defeats, and the war was frequently interrupted by periods of negotiated peace. Athens and its allies, known as the Delian League, came into conflict with the Spartans and the Peloponnesian league, and in 431 BC a war broke out between the two cities - a war based on trade routes, rivalries, and tributes paid by smaller dependent states. Home of many ancient philosophers, historians, and authors. when Athens conceded defeat to Sparta. By 432 BC, Athens had become the most populous city-state in Hellas. The Shezarrine of this plain. These very distinct provinces were that of Sparta and Athens.Sparta was focused on having a perfect military, whereas Athens made it a point to have a perfect government for their people. The Athenian form of electing a government was called Limited Democracy while the Spartan form was called oligarchy" (rule by a few), but it had elements of monarchy (rule by kings), democracy (through the election of council/senators), and aristocracy (rule by the upper class or land owning class). Diffen.com. Also a Mediterranean climate, but with more rain. At time of Peloponnesian War 360,000-610,000, At time of Peloponnesian War 40,000-50,000, Mediterranean climate, but more dry with about 15 inches of rain per year. Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. Whether girl education was the norm in ancient times? The Ancient Greek “oligos” translates to “few”, while “archia” means “rule” – ‘rule by the few’. Sparta had a powerful army and Athens knew that they could not beat them but they had the power of a naval unit which Sparta didn’t have. Athens and Sparta are one of the highly distinguished cities in Greece. It could be said that some even loved battle itself. Women were able to receive an education, have property, and as girls were trained in group exercises and agility. Known in Greek as Sparti. It is a center for economic, political, financial and culture life in Greece. How was the government based in ancient times? Most of the present-day western current traditions are attributed to these two regions.eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'askanydifference_com-box-3','ezslot_4',148,'0','0'])); Though Athens and Sparta were quite similar in certain aspects such as close territorial proximity and defense goals; however, both of them also had their own distinct set of values and customs. Athens is the cults puppet. At a very young age, the boys were compulsorily being made to take military education and become paid soldiers. The spartan tradition was based on military prowess. Athens and Sparta were two of the largest City-States of Ancient Greece. Athens is the symbol of freedom, art, and democracy in the conscience of the civilized world. Unlike Sparta, in Athens, boys were not forced to join the army. Navy was best in the Greek world. While the skirmishes between the factions and overthrowing either Sparta or Athens in a particular region make up the majority of the side quests and … Their lifestyles and culture could not have been anymore different from one another. Athens hands down. Web. Geographically they are very close to each other, but have sometimes had very different values, lifestyles, and cultures. The respective alliances of Sparta and Athens during the Peloponnesian war, reflected their spheres of geographic and military dominance. At present, Sparta is the administrative capital of the prefecture of Laconia. Nine chief magistrates who had to undergo annual elections, Kings who either died or were thrown out from kingship. Prominent among the states that never experienced tyranny was Sparta, a fact remarked on even in antiquity. Sparta is also known by the name “Lacedaemon”. (Beckman, 2016, 116). Some like Xenophanes began to reject the old beliefs. Right from the time the child had birth till the person turned old, the endurance exercises were made compulsory such as leaving the child on a mountain overnight to test its strength and punishing small children very severely for unruly behaviour. Freemen: Aristocrats-middle (farmers)-thetes-slaves. What the two communities had in common was that they were both thinkers. Ask Any Difference is a website that is owned and operated by Indragni Solutions. That is why it considered itself as the protector of the Greek. Democratic Values. The main occupation was agriculture and people did not possess a forward-looking outlook nor devoted significant time to the intellect, ideas and philosophy.Sparta at one stage defeated Athens in the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.). After conquering many kingdoms and warring with many communities, Sparta spread to a major empire around 400 BCE. 1. Athens has been a house to exceptionally talented writers, thinkers, philosophers such as Socrates, Democritus, Hippocrates, Pindar, Phidias, Plato, Aristotle to name a few. Even though they were different they were still very alike. What was the economy dependent on in ancient times? Skyfire023 2 years ago #6. Athens. The Athenian assembly, known as the “ekklesia”, sat to discuss political, militaristic and social matters and agendas in the pnyx. HuoLong. Their economy was mainly based on agriculture. Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek rival city-states. Their infantry soldiers were said to have been among the most skilled and fearsome warriors of the ancient world. The focus was on obedience and war. A comparison between both the terms on certain parameters can shed light on subtle aspects: Athens is an ancient city in Greece. Athens has been continuously inhabited for at least 3,000 years, becoming the leading city of ancient Greece in the first millennium BCE; its cultural achievements during the 5th century BCE laid the foundations of western civilization. The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens had a formal democracy arrangement and rooted in the philosophy of arts and learning, whereas Sparta had an organisation where a small group of people had control of the region with a military mindset. Less freedom and status with more focus on household work, More freedom and status even receiving physical training similar to that of men. What is Differences between Sparta and Athens? which ultimately led to their decline. Young boys were trained to be warriors; young girls were trained to be mothers of warriors. A+. Sparta is better than Athens in many ways. The cities of Athens and Sparta are famous for various reasons, including their eternal rivalry. 7 Jan 2021. The title of the poll was who was better, and I said Athens. After a long period of decline under the rule of the Ottoman Empire, Athens reemerged in the 19th century as the capital of the independent Greek state. Population & Map. Athens’s economy ran on commerce and trading in the sea as agriculture was not prominent due to the non-availability and/or suitability of the soil. Others were chosen by a method called ‘lot’ voting. Athens. Both Athens and Sparta hold historic value for Greece and the world. Sparta built a military state government. Oct 14, 2018 @ 7:01pm Originally posted by cjwasright: I wish there was a faction "favor" system with its own perks and rewards attached to it. < >, "Athens focused on freedom, art, and worshiping the goddess of wisdom, Athena." Further battles led to the freedom of slaves. Athens and Sparta were two rival city-states, while the latter had very well trained military and soldiers, the former boasted of a good navy. 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