michael viii palaiologos geni

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However, Turk Beyliks began scattering Byzantine territory in 1260 and the Beylik of Menteşe was founded in Caria region. Andronico Ducas Comneno Paleologo . He was taken captive by the Persian emperor Shapur I after the Battle of Edessa, becoming the first Roman emperor to be captured as a prisoner of war, causing shock and instability throughout the Roman Empire. She was married about 1155 in Of Constantinopl,CONSTANTINOPLE,Turkey to Alexios III Emperor Byzantine Komnenos Angelos Imperator (von Byzanz), they gave birth to 1 child. He was the eldest surviving son of Michael VIII Palaiologos and Theodora Palaiologina, grandniece of John III Doukas Vatatzes. 1 reference. topic's main category. He recovered Constantinople from the Latin Empire in 1261 and transformed the Empire of Nicaea into a restored Byzantine Empire. but even then, he put up a heroic last stand and almost won. Michael VIII. Constantine VII Porphyrogennetos was born on 17 MAY 905 TO ABT-11-905 in Constantinople, Turkey (Byzantium), son of Leo VI 'The Wise' Byzantine Emperor Byzantine Emperor and Zoë Karbonopsina. He recovered Constantinople from the Latin Empire in 1261 and transformed the Empire of Nicaea into a restored Byzantine Empire. Andronikos IV Palaiologos, Byzantine Emperor was born on month day 1348, at birth place, to John V Palaiologos and Helena Palaiologos … Dynasty names are given in capitals so that they can be picked out from the interweaving trees. stated in. Born 1406/7, died 1409/10 of the plague. The Despotate of the Morea (Greek: Δεσποτᾶτον τοῦ Μορέως) or Despotate of Mystras (Greek: Δεσποτᾶτον τοῦ Μυστρᾶ) was a province of the Byzantine Empire which existed between the mid-14th and mid-15th centuries. Patriarch Arsenios excommunicated Michael VIII, and the ban was not removed until six years later (1268) on the appointment of new patriarch Joseph I. Michael IX was the eldest son of the Byzantine Emperor Andronikos II Palaiologos and his first wife Anna, daughter of King Stephen V of Hungary. 4. Please enable JavaScript in your browser's settings to use this part of Geni. herceg. Constantine Xi Palaiologos 1405-1453 was the final emperor of the Byzantine Empire. Thus Michael’s first act toward the Jews [%E2%80%A6] was the revocation of John Vatatzes’s order of forced baptism. 1190 – 1248/52), was a megas domestikos (commander-in-chief) of the Empire of Nicaea and the father of the future Byzantine emperor Michael VIII Palaiologos, the founder of the Palaiologan dynasty. This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. A few days after the death of Emperor Theodore II Doukas Laskaris in 1258, Michael Palaiologos instigated a coup against the influential bureaucrat George Mouzalon, becoming joint guardian for the eight-year old Emperor John IV Doukas Laskaris together with the patriarch Arsenios. … After rendering John IV ineligible for the throne, Michael VIII quickly married off John's sisters to foreigners, so their descendants could not threaten his own children's claim to the imperial succession. Irene had 4 siblings: Andronikos II Palaiologos … 1 Nikephoros Palaiologos 1.1 Early years 1.2 "Protector of Planets" 1.3 Party leader 1.4 Minister of economy and Great Crisis 1.5 Imperial Government criminal record Nikephoros Palaiologos is former high-ranked official and politican in the Galactic Roman Imperium and currently serve as chancellor of Emperor Michael VIII and member of Inner Council in Michael Empire-in-Exile. With the help of Pope Urban IV Michael VIII concluded peace with his former enemies in 1263 and 1264, respectively. It is not surprising, therefore, that he turned to the Jews and other minorities (most notably the Armenians) as a source of support in an embattled state of affairs, and when the ethnic majority and the mainstream elite had grown unfriendly toward him[11]. Maria married Abagha de Perse. 89403998. Michael also married two of his own daughters (conceived through a mistress, a Diplovatatzina) to Mongol kings: Euphrosyne Palaiologina, who married Nogai Khan of the Golden Horde, and Maria Palaiologina, who married Abaqa Khan of Ilkhanid Persia. Apparently a relative of the powerful courtier Joseph Bringas (influential during the reign of Romanos II), Michael Bringas was an elderly patrician and a member of the court bureaucracy [citation needed] who had served as military finance minister (and hence the epithet Stratiotikos). The Fourth Crusade had degraded the position of the Jews of the Byzantine Empire. On his entrance in Constantinople, Michael VIII Palaiologos abolished all Latin customs and reinstated most Byzantine ceremonies and institutions as they had existed before the Fourth Crusade, repopulating the capital and restoring damaged churches, monasteries, and public buildings. English Wikipedia. Unlike Theodore, Vatatzes ordered that the Jews within the Empire of Nicea be converted to Christianity, though he did not order the expropriation of Jewish property[10]. At the same time the unionist controversy helped drive Byzantium's Orthodox neighbors Bulgaria and Serbia into the camp of Michael VIII's opponents. When Michael VIII entered the city, its population was 35,000 people, but he succeeded in increasing it to 70,000 people by the end of his reign. [3] This halved the kingdom of Charles of Anjou, who was forced to spend the remainder of his life unsuccessfully trying to reassert his control over Sicily. In 1259 Michael VIII had defeated the alliance of William II Villehardouin, Prince of Achaea, and Michael II Komnenos Doukas of Epirus at the Battle of Pelagonia. Irene (Eirene) av Bulgarien (born Palaiologina) was born circa 1262, at birth place, to Michael VIII Palaiologos av Bysantinska Imperiet and Theodora Doukaina Palaiologina av Bysantinska Imperiet (born Doukaina Vatatzaina). After rendering John IV ineligible for the throne, Michael VIII quickly married off John's sisters to foreigners, so their descendants could not threaten his own children's claim to the imperial succession. Constantine IX Monomachos, Latinized as Monomachus (Medieval Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος Θ΄ Μονομάχος, romanized: Kōnstantinos IX Monomachos; c. 1000 – 11 January 1055), reigned as Byzantine emperor from 11 June 1042 to 11 January 1055. Geni World Family Tree; WikiTree; Biographical Summaries of Notable People; FamilySearch Family Tree; View all records MyHeritage Family Trees . This threat did not materialize in a significant way during Michael VIII's reign, and the emperor tried to take advantage of a civil war in Bulgaria in the late 1270s but the Byzantine armies suffered several major defeats at the hands of the peasant Emperor Ivaylo. For a while the diplomatic intent of the union worked out in the West, but in the end Pope Martin IV, an ally of Charles of Anjou, excommunicated Michael VIII. They had 4 children: Andronikos II Palaiologos and 3 other children. William was forced to ransom himself by surrendering most of the eastern part of Morea and his newly built strongholds. Michael VIII's concession was met with determined opposition at home, and prisons filled with many opponents to the union. He was acutely aware of the danger posed by the possibility that the Latin West, particularly his neighbors in Italy (Charles I of Sicily, Pope Martin IV, and the Venetians) would unite against him and attempt the restoration Latin rule in Constantinople. A few days after the death of Emperor Theodore II Doukas Laskaris in 1258, Michael Palaiologos instigated a coup against the influential bureaucrat George Mouzalon, becoming joint guardian for the eight-year old Emperor John IV Doukas Laskaris together with the patriarch Arsenios. Michael VIII entered the city on August 15 and had himself crowned together with his infant son Andronikos II Palaiologos. Michael Palaiologos, born in 1223, was the son of Andronikos Palaiologos, megas domestikos in the Empire of Nicaea. Michael VIII Palaiologos - St Catherine's, Sinai, MS Sinait. Michael Palaiologos, despotes. Michael VIII entered the city on August 15 and had himself crowned together with his infant son Andronikos II Palaiologos. Michael was born in 1224, in Constantinople, Byzantine Empire. Michael VI attempted to negotiate with the rebels through the famous courtier Michael Psellos, offering to adopt Isaac as his son and to grant him the title of kaisar , but his proposals were publicly rejected. It was in this environment of persecution that the Palaiologi rose to the imperial throne. ISBN: 1 85285 298 4, Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium, Oxford University Press, 1991, Vannier, J-F. Les premiers Paléologues (Etudes prosopographiques), 1989. PALAIOLOGOS was born on month day 1404, at birth place, to Manuél II. Geni World Family Tree; FamilySearch Family Tree; View all records MyHeritage Family Trees. He managed to temporarily impose his son-in-law Ivan Asen III on the Bulgarian throne but after the Byzantine defeat at Devina he had to flee. Bowman, Steven. He died on November 9, 959 in Constantinople, Turkey … Geni World Family Tree; FamilySearch Family Tree; U.S. Public Records Index; View all records MyHeritage Family Trees. Michael VIII Palaeologus (Graece Μιχαὴλ Παλαιολόγος; natus anno circiter 1223; mortuus die 11 Decembris 1282) fuit magnus dux et postea imperator Byzantinus, primus imperator domus Palaeologorum.Fuit filius Andronici Ducae Comneni Palaeologi quem e Theodora Angelina Palaeologina genuit. The Despotate of the Morea was created out of territory seized from the Frankish Principality of Achaea.This had been organized from former Byzantine territory after the Fourth Crusade (1204). Theodore II Palaiologos, Lord of Morea (d. 1448). Gold hyperpyron of Michael VIII Palaeologus, shown (bottom left) kneeling before Christ (right), under the injunction of Archangel Michael (top left). This threat did not materialize in a significant way during Michael VIII's reign, and the emperor took advantage of a civil war in Bulgaria to conquer the Bulgarian portion of Thrace in the late 1270s and to temporarily impose his son-in-law Ivan Asen III on the Bulgarian throne. Euphrosyne Palaiologina was born at birth place, to Michael VIII Dukas Komnenos Palaiologos and Mistress Diplovatatzina Komnenos Palaiologos (born NN). In 1259 Michael VIII defeated the alliance of William II Villehardouin, Prince of Achaea, and Michael II Komnenos Doukas of Epirus at the Battle of Pelagonia. By the terms of the treaties, William II was obliged to cede Mystras, Monemvasia and Maina in the Morea to the Byzantines. The Emperor doted on his firstborn son, which became a great consolation for him after the untimely death of his beloved wife Anna in 1281. Life. A later Byzantine emperor, John VI … On 25 July 1261, Michael VIII's general Alexios Strategopoulos captured Constantinople from its last Latin Emperor, Baldwin II. On his entrance in Constantinople, Michael VIII Palaiologos abolished all Latin customs and reinstated most Byzantine ceremonies and institutions as they had existed before the Fourth Crusade, repopulating the capital and restoring damaged churches, monasteries, and public buildings. Michael barely escaped without fighting the Mongols. To drive a wedge between the pope and supporters of the Latin Empire, Michael VIII decided to unify the Orthodox and Catholic Churches. PALAIOLOGOS and Jelena / Helena PALAIOLOGINE (born … Geni requires JavaScript! When Michael VIII entered the city, its population was 35,000 people, but he succeeded in increasing it to 70,000 people by the end of his reign. He was one of the noblest men among the Byzantine aristocracy, and might have succeeded to the throne in regular fashion if the Fourth Crusade had not been diverted to Constantinople in 1203. In 1263, the emperor sent 15,000 men (which included 5,000 Seljuk mercenaries) to conquer Achaia, then a mixed imperial and Genoese fleet of 48 ships was defeated by a smaller Venetian force at the Battle of Spetsai. Andronikos III Palaiologos was born 25 March 1297 and died 15 June 1341, his latinized name is Andronicus III Palaeologus who was Byzantine Emperor from 1328 until his death in 1341. A tenuous union between the Greek and Latin church was signed at the Second Council of Lyons in 1274. Theodore I, Marquess of Palaiologos, marchese del Monferrato was born in 1290, at birth place, to Andronikos II Palaiologos and Irene of Palaiologos … William was forced to ransom himself by surrendering most of the eastern part of Morea and his newly built strongholds. Michael IX Palaiologos was acclaimed co-emperor in 1281 and was crowned in 1294 or 1295. Michael VIII was the founder of the Palaeologan dynasty that would rule the Byzantine Empire until the Fall of Constantinople in 1453. The Palaiologan dynasty he established ruled the Byzantine Empire for almost two centuries, longer than any other in Roman history. At the same time, however, he made it clear to the Jews that he expected them to show their appreciation for his assistance.[10]. 1 reference. Career. Michael VIII was the founder of the Palaiologan dynasty that would rule the Byzantine Empire until the Fall of Constantinople in 1453. Coin of Michael VIII Paleologus, depicting the Virgin Mary rising over the walls of Constantinople, in commemoration of the capture of the city over the Latins. Theodora was born circa 1240, in (Constantinople), Byzantium, Istanbul, Turkey. However, Turk Beyliks began scattering Byzantine territory in 1260 and the Beylik of Menteşe was founded in Caria region. He recovered Constantinople from the Latin Empire in 1261 and transformed the Empire of Nicaea into a restored Byzantine Empire. A tenuous union between the Greek and Latin church was signed at the Second Council of Lyons in 1274. As a rare manifestation of truly "Byzantine" diplomacy, Michael VIII secretly incited the Sicilian Vespers, a rebellion against Charles of Anjou in Palermo, and the invasion of the Sicily by the Catalans of King Peter III of Aragon. Lewe. [6] In 1282, Nogai Khan provided Michael VIII with 4,000 Mongols whom he sent against Thessaly. Despite the fact that he was both kind and competent, his empire was beyond the point of no return. He also signed a treaty in 1263 with the Egyptian Mamluk sultan Baibars, and the Mongol Khan of Kipchak.[1]. Michael VIII Palaiologos largely ended persecution of the Jews. His young… The couple were the progenitors of the Imperial dynasty. Resources Publications Digital Projects Online Collections Highlights from … Michael’s unorthodox ascent to the throne earned him many enemies. Michael VIII summoned the Jewish leaders in his realm and invited them to support him as emperor. Theodore Doukas, who crowned himself emperor of Epiros after he conquered Thessaloniki, was known for his persecution of the Jews beginning in 1229, a year before the end of his reign[8]. A later Byzantine emperor, John VI … ...gos, Eudokia Palaelogos, Duke Manuel of Palaelogos, Duke Konstantinos of Palaelogos, Anna of Palaelogos, Eudokia Palaelogos, Duke Theodor... Dec 11 1282 - Pachomion, Lysimachia, Thrace, Andronikos Komnenos Palaiologos, Theodora Angelina Palaiologina, Maria Palaiologina, Irene Palaiologina, Constantine Palaiologos, Anna Komnene Palaiologina, Irene Palaiologina, Constantine Palaiologos, Andronikos II Palaiologos, Governor Andronikos Doukas Komnenos of Thessalonika Palaiologos, Theodora Palaiologina, Theodora Doukaina Komnene Palaiologina Batatzina, Theodora Angelina Palaiologina, Andronikos Doukas Komnenos Palaiologos, Andronikos Palaiologos, Andronikos II Palaiologos, Eudokia Palaiologina, Maria Palaiologina, Irene Palaiologina, Empress of Bulgaria, Michael Viii Dukas Komnenos Emperor of Byzantium Palaelogos, Emperor Michael of Nicaea and Byzantium, Viii Palaiologos, Death of Mikhael VIII Palaiologos at Constantinople. In reconstituting the Byzantine Empire Michael VIII restored the old administration without endeavouring to correct its failures. Michael VIII Palaeologus, Nicaean emperor (1259–61) and then Byzantine emperor (1261–82), who in 1261 restored the Byzantine Empire to the Greeks after 57 years of Latin occupation and who founded the Palaeologan dynasty, the last and … In 1275, Michael VIII sent an army against Thessaly and fleet of 73 ships to harass the Latin states in Greece. They … Michael was born in 1223, in Anatolien. However, during the course of these secret negotiations, a riot in … The surrendered territory became the nucleus of the Despotate of Morea. In 1263, the emperor sent 15,000 men (which included 5,000 Seljuk mercenaries) to conquer the Principality of Achaea, but this expedition failed in the battles of Prinitza and Makryplagi, and a mixed imperial and Genoese fleet of 48 ships was defeated by a smaller Venetian force at the Battle of Settepozzi. By the terms of the treaties, William II was obliged to cede Mystras, Monemvasia and Maina in the Morea to the Byzantines. This threat did not materialise in a significant way during Michael VIII's reign, and the emperor tried to take advantage of a civil war in Bulgaria in the late 1270s but the Byzantine armies suffered several major defeats at the hands of the peasant Emperor Ivaylo. If an emperor reigned for more than one sitting, his lifetime dates are given followed by the dates of his reigns. Theodora Angelina Palaiologina, Andronikos Doukas Komnenos Palaiologos, Andronikos Palaiologos, Andronikos II Palaiologos, Eudokia Palaiologina, Maria Palaiologina, Irene Palaiologina, Empress of Bulgaria. Michael VIII Palaiologos or Palaeologus (Greek: Μιχαὴλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos; 1223 – 11 December 1282) reigned as Byzantine Emperor 1259–1282. A tenuous union between the Greek and Latin church was signed at the Second Council of Lyons in 1274. Michael VIII was the founder of the Palaiologan dynasty that would rule the Byzantine Empire until the Fall of Constantinople in 1453. In December John IV, who had been left behind at Nicaea, was blinded and relegated to a monastery. Because the name could lend whoever bore it prestige (as well as possible monetary support), many refugees fabricated closer links to the imperial dynasty and … English Wikipedia. 137 relations. He was one of the noblest men among the Byzantine aristocracy, and might have succeeded to the throne in regular fashion if the Fourth Crusade had not been diverted to Constantinople in 1203. Manuél was born on June 27 1350, in Constantinople. Category:Michael VIII Palaiologos. 19 of 100 individuals View all. [6] Michael's alliance with the Mongols would also benefit his son Andronicus II; in 1305 Ilkhan Oljeitu promised Andronicus II 40,000 men, and in 1308 dispatched 30,000 men to recover many Byzantine towns in Bithynia from Ottomans. Resources Publications Digital Projects Online Collections Highlights from … He also signed a treaty in 1263 with the Egyptian Mamluk sultan Baibars, and the Mongol Khan of Kipchak.[2]. Find family history … Geanakoplos, Deno J., Emperor Michael Palaeologus and the West (Harvard University Press, 1959), Heath, Ian, Byzantine Armies, AD 1118-1461 (Osprey Publishing, 1995). 118 - f. 22r.jpg 466 × 640; 233 KB imported from Wikimedia project . In 1281 and was crowned in 1294 or 1295 that the Palaiologi rose to the throne him... 1281 and was crowned in 1294 or 1295 - 1385 Andronikos IV Palaiologos, Lord Morea! Crusades ( Hambledon and London, 2003 michael viii palaiologos geni genealogy, no less than eleven emperors may be traced his. Legal persecution of the Palaiologan dynasty that would rule the Byzantine Empire until Fall! Couple were the progenitors of the Jews in 1253 [ 8 ] part Morea. 60 Genoese galleys that he was married on April 27, 919 in Constantinople, Istanbul Turkey... 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